All About Crimes

Crime consists of any act, committed by an individual or a group of individuals that is against the law. All countries over the world have their own set of defined rules that determine the law for that respective country. If someone breaks those laws, the act is considered as crime. Although it is difficult to describe all types of crimes over here, some of the commonest ones are theft, burglary, forgery. The serious ones include committing act of treason against the country, murder (including abetment to murder), kidnapping for ransom or otherwise. We can further break down most of these categories into different branches. For example impersonating the signature of someone else on cheques, deeds, and other important documents are some examples of forgery. Even a simple act like driving a motorbike without a proper helmet or trying to cross the road when the traffic signal is red is a crime as well.

How are criminals brought to justice?

There are several methods including private prosecutions through which criminals are brought to justice. In the case of private prosecutions an entity or an individual, not acting on behalf of the law enforcement agency or any other prosecuting authority starts the prosecution.

Extra information about private prosecutions

However, most individuals depend on the police to catch and prosecute the perpetrator of the crime. The individual has file a FIR (first information report) with the police station and provide details of the crime, including its nature and the time it occurred. Once the law enforcing agencies have the details, they begin the investigation. Every criminal always leaves some evidence or the other at the scene of the crime, which helps the investigating officer to track him or her. Apart from this, the police have their own group of informers who mix up with the criminals, and keep a track of their activities. More often than not, they play a pivotal role in providing information to the police that helps them to track down and nab the criminal. Once caught, the investigating officer takes the criminal the court and starts a case against him by presenting him or her before the judge along with supporting documents.

Who catches criminals?

While there are several instances in which the individuals of a locality often catch a criminal and hand him over to the police, the onus of catching the criminal lies on the police and their detective department. They know the patterns followed by different gangs, which helps them to trap the criminal.

What types of crime is there?

There are many different types of crimes including petty and major ones. Some examples of petty crimes include:

- Pick pocketing

- Stealing purses or other precious items when the victim is least aware

- Petty theft and burglary

Examples of major crimes include

- Burglary

- Murder

- Embezzlement

- Acting against the state

What are popular crime cases?

Judges, when delivering their verdict, often resort to judgements for the same type of case, previously delivered by any other judge in the country. One of the most popular crime cases of the United Kingdom is the assassination of Airey Neave.